Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Effects of Flotation REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) on Stress Related Muscle Pain: Are 33 flotation sessions more effective than 12 sessions?

Sven A. Bood (Karlstad University), Ulf Sundequist (Karlstad University), Anette Kjellgren (Karlstad University), Gun Nordstrom (Karlstad University), Torsten Norlander (Karlstad University)
Cite this article:  Bood, S., Sundequist, U., Kjellgren, A., Nordstrom, G., & Norlander, T. (2007). Effects of Flotation REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) on Stress Related Muscle Pain: Are 33 flotation sessions more effective than 12 sessions?. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 35, 143-156.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2007.35.2.143
Publication date: March 2007

Abstract


The aim of the study was to investigate whether or not 33 flotation sessions were more effective for stress-related ailments than 12 sessions. Participants were 37 patients, 29 women and 8 men, all diagnosed as having stress-related pain of a muscle tension type. The patients were randomized to one of two conditions: 12 flotation-REST treatments or 33 flotation-REST treatments. Analyses for subjective pain typically indicated that 12 sessions were enough to get considerable improvements and no further improvements were noticed after 33 sessions. A similar pattern was observed concerning the stress-related psychological variables: experienced stress, anxiety, depression, negative affectivity, dispositional optimism, and sleep quality. For blood pressure no effects were observed after 12 sessions, but there was a significant lower level for diastolic blood pressure after 33 sessions. The present study highlighted the importance of finding suitable complementary treatments in order to make further progress after the initial 12 sessions.

Full Text: PDF  pp. 143-156