Self-efficacy and health promotion behaviors of older adults in Iran

Mohammad ali Morowatisharifabad1, Fazlollah Ghofranipour1, Alireza Hidarnia1, Gholamreza Babaee Ruchi2, Mohammad Hassan Ehrampoush3
1Health Education Department, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran
2Biostatistics Department, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran
3Environment Health Department, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Iran
Cite this article:  Morowatisharifabad, M. a., Ghofranipour, F., Hidarnia, A., Ruchi, G. B., & Ehrampoush, M. H. (2006). Self-efficacy and health promotion behaviors of older adults in Iran. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 34(7), 759-768.

Volume 34 Issue 7 | e1523 | Published: August 2006 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2006.34.7.759

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Increasing healthy behaviors is the major challenge facing health professionals and populations globally. Our purpose in this study was to ascertain if a relationship exists between self-efficacy and health promotion behaviors in a sample of older Iranian adults. The organizing framework for the study was Pender’s (1996) revised Health Promotion Model. The study participants were 102 community-dwelling old people residing in Yazd district. The results supported Pender’s Health Promotion Model in which self-efficacy accounted for 58% of variance in health promotion behaviors. Health promotion behaviors were found to be correlated with level of education. Additionally, there were associations between self-efficacy and gender, marital status, and level of education. It was concluded that interventions aimed at improving self-efficacy may improve health promotion behaviors of older adults.

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