Gender differences in anxiety among undergraduates from sixteen Islamic countries

Bader Mohammed Alansari1
1Department of Psychology, Kuwait University, Kuwait
Cite this article:  Alansari, B. M. (2006). Gender differences in anxiety among undergraduates from sixteen Islamic countries. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 34(6), 651-660.

Volume 34 Issue 6 | e1505 | Published: July 2006 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2006.34.6.651

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In this study I investigated gender differences in anxiety among volunteer undergraduates recruited from 16 Islamic countries; Algiers, Egypt, Emirates, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen (N = 7,506). The Kuwait University Anxiety Scale (Abdel-Khalek, 2000, 2002a, 2002b, 2003, 2004)was used in its Arabic form for all groups except the Pakistan group, for which the English version of KUAS was used. There are significant gender differences in 11 Islamic countries out of 16 in which females tended to be higher on the anxiety scale: Egypt, Iraq , Morocco, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Lebanon, Pakistan, Algiers, Yemen, and Syria, while there was no significant difference in anxiety between the genders in the following five countries: Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Sudan, Emirates, and Palestine. The salient gender differences were interpreted in the light of a socialization process; especially sex-typing and gender roles.

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