Gender differences in performance on the Stroop Test

Khader Baroun1, Bader Alansari1
1Department of Psychology, Kuwait University, Kuwait
Cite this article:  Baroun, K., & Alansari, B. (2006). Gender differences in performance on the Stroop Test. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 34, 309-318.

Volume 34 Issue 3 | e1477 | Published: April 2006 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2006.34.3.309

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In this study we assessed the differences in gender performance among Kuwaiti male and women on the Stroop Test (Stroop, 1935). Participants were 504 university students, 122 men and 382 women (age M = 21:0, SD = 2.7 years). In prior studies it has been shown that females by and large display differential performance (shorter latencies) from males on the word card, color card, and color word card of the Stroop Test. Results indicate that the Kuwaiti women read faster on the color card than did the males, and especially were faster with intercepting 3 cards of tests (interaction effect). Gender differences were observed in the color card and color-word card tests but not significantly for the word card test. The results do substantiate the gender difference in Stroop color and interference.

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