Evidence for differentiating between anxiety and depression in Turkish college students

Cengiz Karagozoglu1, William Masten2, Mustafa Baloglu3
1Marmara University, Turkey
2Texas A&M University-Commerce, United States
3Gaziosmanpaşa University, Turkey
Cite this article:  Karagozoglu, C., Masten, W., & Baloglu, M. (2005). Evidence for differentiating between anxiety and depression in Turkish college students. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 33, 579-586.

Volume 33 Issue 6 | e1419 | Published: September 2005 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2005.33.6.579

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The relationship between the constructs of depression and anxiety was examined with 443 Turkish college students. Significant correlations were found. Factor analyses computed with state and trait anxiety, as defined as the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (Spielberger, Gorsuch, & Lushene, 1970) and depression, as defined as the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II; Beck & Steer, 1993) supported the notion that anxiety and depression may be 2 different psychological constructs; however the distinction was not clearcut. The results showed bidimensional structures for both state anxiety and trait anxiety. Relationships indicate that the BDI-II is measuring trait depression. Results are discussed in relation to previous studies.


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