Effect of gender-types on interpersonal stress measured by blink rate and questionnaires: Focusing on stereotypically sex-typed and androgynous types

Kumi Hirokawa1, Fumio Yamada2, Itsuko Dohi3, Yo Miyata4
1Kwansei Gakuin University, Japan
2Osaka Prefectural College of Nursing, Japan
3Kobe Shoin Women's University, Japan
4Kansai University of Social Welfare Sciences, Japan
Cite this article:  Hirokawa, K., Yamada, F., Dohi, I., & Miyata, Y. (2001). Effect of gender-types on interpersonal stress measured by blink rate and questionnaires: Focusing on stereotypically sex-typed and androgynous types. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 29, 375-384.

Volume 29 Issue 4 | e1091 | Published: June 2001 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2001.29.4.375

Abstract
Full Text
References
Tables and Figures
Acknowledgements
Author Contact

This study was conducted to determine how differences of self gender-type and partner’s gender-type in Japan had an effect on interpersonal stress (anxiety/uneasiness) during a conversation among mixed-sex pairs. The level of interpersonal stress was discussed in relation to blink rate. The participants were assigned to one of the following four pair types: (a) Male and female were androgynous (maleA-femaleA); (b) Male was androgynous and female was stereotypically sex-typed as feminine (maleA-femaleST); (c) Male was stereotypically sex-typed as masculine and female was androgynous (maleST-femaleA); (d) Both were stereotypically sex-typed (maleST-femaleST). Dependent measures were (1) Blink rate during 5-minute conversation at 1-minute intervals, and (2) Questionnaires (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory I and Iceberg Profile). Results suggested that participants who had a conversation with an androgynous partner reduced their interpersonal stress.


Please login and/or purchase the PDF to view the full article.
Please login and/or purchase the PDF to view the full article.
Please login and/or purchase the PDF to view the full article.
Please login and/or purchase the PDF to view the full article.
Please login and/or purchase the PDF to view the full article.