Proactive personality and employee outcomes: The moderating role of team autonomy

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Zhao Bao
Mengliang Shi
Yunpeng He
Ping Luo
Cite this article:  Bao, Z., Shi, M., He, Y., & Luo, P. (2021). Proactive personality and employee outcomes: The moderating role of team autonomy. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 49(8), e10179.


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We used self-determination theory to investigate the effects of proactive personality on employees’ work engagement and helping behavior, as well as the moderating role of team autonomy in this relationship. Two-wave data were collected from 75 sales teams (75 team leaders and 464 team members) from a large private company in South China. Multilevel path model analysis was used to test our hypotheses. The impact of proactive personality was amplified in teams with a higher level of team autonomy. Our findings not only provide empirical support for self-determination theory, but also contribute to the proactive personality literature by revealing the critical boundary condition of the effectiveness of proactive personality. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

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