The relationship between field-dependency-independency and set: A Western and Soviet view

John Hritzuk1, Lorne Taylor1
1University of Calgary, Canada
Cite this article:  Hritzuk, J., & Taylor, L. (1973). The relationship between field-dependency-independency and set: A Western and Soviet view. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 1(1), 23-28.

Volume 1 Issue 1 | e23 | Published: February 1973 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1973.1.1.23

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Students were classed as field dependent or field independent using Witkin’s Rod and Frame and the Embedded Figures Test. In addition, each of the 269 grade 8 participants performed Uznadze’s set tasks. The number of trials required for excitation and extinction in the haptic and visual modality were noted. The field dependent-independent groups, based on each test, were compared with their ability to excite and extinguish a set. A chi-square was used to test statistical significance. It was found that the field dependent and field independent groups differed in their ability to extinguish a set but not to excite a set. The differences were interpreted as supporting Witkin’s hypothesis involving Einstellung.
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