Relationship between depression and anxiety among undergraduate students in eighteen Arab countries: A cross-cultural study

Bader M. Alansari1
1Kuwait University, Kuwait
Cite this article:  Alansari, B. M. (2005). Relationship between depression and anxiety among undergraduate students in eighteen Arab countries: A cross-cultural study. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 33(5), 503-512.

Volume 33 Issue 5 | e1413 | Published: August 2005 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2005.33.5.503

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To gain more understanding of the relationship between anxiety and depression, the Kuwait University Anxiety Scale (KUAS; Abdel-Khalek, 2000) and the Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI-II; Ghareek, 2000) were administrated to 9,168 participants (4,230 males and 4,938 females) in 18 Arab countries, with ages ranging from 18-25 years. It was found that depression was positively significantly correlated with anxiety (Mdn = 0.66 p < .01). This finding may be because anxiety and depression are often found correlated positively with depression even in nonclinical samples. Findings are discussed in terms of previous research.

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