Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Dissonance, social consequences and methods of conflict resolution

Ellen M. Jastrebski, PhD (St. Thomas More College)

Abstract


Resolution of cognitive dissonance following a pleasant and unpleasant task was examined under conditions of high and low justification. Sixty male subjects either wrote numbers at random, or rated a series of feminine photos, watched a film, and decided a verdict on a court case. Justification was varied by the offer of monetary payment or lack of such payment prior to a request for counterattitudinal description of the task. All subjects described the task to the next subject (confederate), a peer. Both task and justification main effects were observed (p < 0.01) indicating mode of dissonance resolution to be a function of situational variables. Changes in task ratings supported dissonance theory predictions only when consequences of the advocacy were unequivocally negative.

Full Text: PDF

P.O. Box 1539, Palmerston North 4440, New Zealand. Email: editor@sbp-journal.com